Gemstones refer to the most beautiful and valuable types of stones on earth. There are natural mineral crystals such as crystals, rubies, sapphires, emeralds and so on; there are also natural monomineral aggregates, such as opals and a few organic materials such as pearls and corals, which belong to gemstones in a broader sense.
We can also classify gemstones according to their rareness. Among all types of gemstones, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds are regarded as four most precious stones; while mid-range gemstones such as aquamarines and tourmalines have been popular to collectors too thanks to their wonderful colors and meanings.
Here we have created a complete list of gemstones and their meanings categorized by name, by color, by month and by zodiac sign. For more information about each stone or each category, feel free to follow the related articles provided and read more. Enjoy!
1. Gemstones by name
Gorjana Gem Parker Charm Botswana Agate $30, SHOP NOW.
Agate is one of the seven treasures of Buddhism. It has been used as an amulet since ancient times, and is generally regarded as the stone of happiness. People believe that agate strengthens love, helps to improve the relationship between your lover and yourself, and therefore boosts harmony.
Brilliant alexandrite ring $40, SHOP NOW.
As a birthstone for June, the alexandrite promotes emotional well-being by increasing confidence, self esteem and eventually making the person happy. It also symbolizes luck, good fortune, prosperity and longevity.
Amazonite beads 4/6/8/10 mm $1, SHOP NOW.
It has been long believed that amazonite is a soothing stone, calming the brain and nervous system. It is thought to aid in bringing good health and helps in balancing masculine and feminine energies.
For this reason, amazonite is used in crystal therapies, although it is also used in jewelry such as necklaces.
Baltic Amber Bracelet $10, SHOP NOW.
The meaning of amber is clearing and healing. Ancients believed that it provided light for the dead as they traversed the underworld.
Nialaya Jewelry amethyst necklace $149, SHOP NOW.
In real life, amethysts symbolize tranquility and safety and are able to bring inspiration and wisdom to the wearer. Another implication of the stone is love, as mentioned above, a very helpful gem to increase charm and attractiveness and thus promote relationships. In summary, we can think of amethysts as a stone of mystery, romance and elegance.
Natural Aquamarine rough gemstone $20, SHOP NOW.
This refined stone is renowned for its physical and spiritual benefits. The aquamarine is helpful for appeasing anxiety, enhancing serenity and boosting communication.
Natural green aventurine loose beads round shape $3, SHOP NOW.
As a sweet and beneficial gemstone, the aventurine absorbs negative waves. In addition to stimulating creativity, it gives energy and helps the wearer to make decisions. In fact the aventurine is called the stone of peace and balance.
Natural bloodstone round beads $4, SHOP NOW.
Christ’s stone, the warrior stone, the martyr stone--bloodstone’s many nicknames point to its powerful symbolism. Bloodstone signifies sacrifice, strength, justice and fearlessness.
Some healers say that it promotes healthy circulation and a robust immune system.
Madagascar Carnelian 2mm 3mm 4mm 6mm 8mm $7, SHOP NOW.
The carnelian represents the symbol of the life with its blood red color. It is bound to the rites and religious ceremonies.
Natural Purple Chalcedony Briolette Loose Gemstone, $12, SHOP NOW.
Chalcedony is able to eliminate depression, fear and hysteria, and other sad emotions. This stone also helps the wearer to get rid of unnecessary material things that have nothing to do with spirituality, and therefore reduces burdens in the brain.
Purple chalcedony especially can increase spirituality and the wearer’s ability to predict the future.
Natural Chrysoprase Chips Beads $8, SHOP NOW.
As its bright color indicates, the chrysoprase has energetic virtues. In fact it is the ideal stone for little sleepers and insomniacs thanks to its relaxing and soothing effects.
Natural A Grade Yellow Citrine Beads $3, SHOP NOW.
Just as its vivid and bright color which makes it differentiate from all types of gemstones, citrine provides happiness by adjusting people’s emotions and calming them down. Citrine is also able to help the owners gain self-confidence and make better decisions, which are all sources of happiness.
Mateo diamond embellished ring $725, SHOP NOW.
The chief allure of a diamond, from antiquity to present, is that a diamond is “forever”. Diamonds found naturally typically are aged from one to three billion years; their journey to your finger has taken them from the deep earth to the most high-pressure environments impossible.
Diamonds are widely known as the hardest material ever discovered by humans, and subsequently the diamond symbolizes the unbreakable durability of a bond.
Certified loose gemstone natural emerald 8.00 to 10.00 Ct 2 pcs, SHOP NOW.
Legends about this gemstone include stories that allowed the wearer to see into the future. If an emerald was placed under your tongue, you would be forced to reveal the truth and be protected from evil spirits.
Emeralds had the reputation too of being able to cure diseases, force a lover to tell the truth, and make the wearer an eloquent speaker.
One of the most powerful legends is that emeralds were one of the precious stones bestowed by God to King Solomon. These stones gave the king the power to rule over all creation.
“A” Grade Rainbow Fluorite Stone $6, SHOP NOW.
During the ancient Roman period, fluorite was widely used in the production of wine cups and vases as a valuable stone. The ancient Romans even believed that fluorite wine cups would make people never drunk.
Fluorite is known as “the most vivid gemstone in the world” because of its rich and vivid color and smooth and flawless crystals. This mineral, as one of the most special stones, is very popular among collectors. Good quality fluorite can fetch very high prices.
AAA Natural Purple Garnet $12, SHOP NOW.
Often referred to as a stone of transformation and mutation, the garnet has the ability to help overcome the difficulties to derive an experience. It could also accentuate passionate love.
Natural Purple Jade Bead $9, SHOP NOW.
It has been long believed that jade provides its wearer with enhanced clarity, wisdom, and intuition. For this reason, jade pendants have long been worn as protective talismans.
AAA kunzite bracelet love, empowerment, healing, peace, $40, SHOP NOW.
Kunzite is a transparent pink purple lithium-containing mineral, hardness 6.5 – 7 (Mohs hardness scale), specific gravity: 3.18, a variance of Spodumene. After being introduced to Tiffany by Kunz, Kunzite has become the top five gemstones for the brand that are as popular as Morganite and Tanzanite.
Kunzite is a good choice for us gemstone fans. Apart from this irresistible pinkish purple charm, kunzite’s composition is very stable, with just the right hardness and specific gravity; in addition, kunzite has an absolute price advantage.
Unlike morganite and tanzanite from the same house, kunzite’s price has always followed a steady and upward trend.
Iolite/ Cordierite/ Dichroite
Purple iolite oval cabochon 8.50ct, $21, SHOP NOW.
The word “iolite” comes from Greek, which means violet and symbolizes the color of gem-grade iolite. In addition to purple, iolite is also available in blue, light yellow, light green, and light brown.
In addition, it is also called “water sapphire” because it is similar to the indigo sapphire from Myanmar and often contains water.
The main producing areas of iolite are Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Madagascar and China.
AAA Natural blue flash labradorite $18, SHOP NOW.
The labradorite is able to block all negative thoughts by providing a mental protection. It helps to reduce stress and fatigue.
Natural Lapis Lazuli Gemstone Cabochon Lot $13, SHOP NOW.
Among all types of gemstones, this beautiful dark blue one is renowned for its soothing effects on nervous or depressed people. Lapis lazuli helps introverts by allowing them to gain confidence, promote communication and free expression.
Malachite tumbled stones $6, SHOP NOW.
An ancient superstition has led many people to believe that malachite helps babies sleep and keeps evil spirits at bay. For this reason, many parents place a lozenge of malachite on their babies.
In addition to this, malachite is normally used for decorative purposes. Some notable pieces include « The Tazza, » a large malachite vase, and « The Malachite Room » in the Hermitage Museum.
Natural moonstone $1, SHOP NOW.
Moonstones have healing powers on female issues such as infertility and menopause. As evoked by their mild and pure color, moonstones allow people to soften the mood and enhance maternal fulfillment. They also stimulate intuitions and inspirations.
Kasun London onyx bullet pendant necklace $180, SHOP NOW.
In ancient times, onyx was known as the “third eye”. In the Middle Ages, It was regarded as the “gemstone to drive away evil spirits”. Persians used onyx to cure epilepsy and even to calm storms.
This black gemstone has a calming effect on the mind, protecting us from nightmares, eliminating unwanted fantasies and wavering thoughts, making it a source of strength and serenity.
That why onyx was one of the favorite stones of Queen Victoria of England. In the old English tradition, midwives used to place onyx next to babies to calm them.
Mexican Fire Opal Stud Earrings In Silver $17, SHOP NOW.
Opal is the birthstone of October. In fact, throughout most of human history, opal of all types of gemstones has been considered the luckiest and most amazing gemstone thanks to its excellent capability to present all of colors on it own. In ancient Rome, this gem symbolized love, passion and hope.
A grade round white loose pearl beads $4, SHOP NOW.
Pearls known as the “Queen of Jewels” are listed as a birthstone for June and a memorial gemstone for the thirteenth and thirtieth anniversary of marriage. It symbolizes health, peace, wealth, and longevity. Pearls have been loved by people since ancient times and bring good wishes to people who are born in this month.
Peridot trillion faceted $1, SHOP NOW.
It has long been thought that this gem is a crystal of positive power. It is a talisman for honoring love, the source of abundance, and can expand one’s ability to receive from energy the Universe.
Peridot is often used in fine jewelry, with popular options being necklaces and rings. When used with the right intentions, it can also be used as a talisman to protect its owner from the “terrors of the night.”
Natural Pink Opal Round Beads $38, SHOP NOW.
Like its feminine and soft color, pink opal has soothing and calming effects. This stone is renowned for helping concentration. It also allows a more serene sleep. Pink opal is recommended for people who have difficulty accepting themselves.
Natural Pink Rhodonite Beads Round $4, SHOP NOW.
This beautiful pink stone is a symbol of love and compassion. Rhodochrosite brings back buried and painful feelings and allows an emotional release. On a daily basis, this stone brings a positive attitude to the wearer.
Monica Vinader Siren Stud Rose Quartz earrings $150, SHOP NOW.
Sweet and refined, this stone evokes peace, tenderness and serenity. Considered a counselor, the rose quartz helps to heal emotional wounds. It gives a sense of reassuring and reinforces self-confidence to the point of allowing the wearer to accept themselves as they are.
Loquet breloque ornée de rubis $171, SHOP NOW.
The hot red color of ruby makes people always associate it with passion and love, known as the stone of love, symbolizing the passion, the beauty, eternity and steadfastness of love. At European royal weddings, rubies are still seen as a witness to marriage.
In addition, it is the birthstone of July, and it is also a commemorative gem for the 40th wedding anniversary. The Bible considers rubies to be the most precious of all gems.
Since ruby is permeated with a strong breath of life and a rich color, people previously thought that it was the incarnation of the undead bird, and had a strong illusion about such a gemstone.
Blue Sapphire loose gemstone 3.5mm $68, SHOP NOW.
According to the legend, the unique blue color of sapphire comes from the grace of a god; therefore everyone who sees it or touches it will feel the incredible and strong attraction, as if they are introduced into the infinite night sky full of beautiful dreams, blessed with peace and wisdom.
The ancient Persians believed that the sapphire was as blue as the sky, and thus regarded such a gemstone as a symbol of loyalty and prestige. In addition, the sapphire is the birthstone of September.
6mm Sardonyx Bracelet $20, SHOP NOW.
Sardonyxes have been used as a stone of protection and strength since ancient times, leading to it being associated with courage, happiness, and clear communication. It is also thought to bring stability to marriage and lasting happiness to those who don it.
Natural Smokey Quartz Beads Faceted Round $6, SHOP NOW.
Smokey quartz is considered the stone of responsibility and refocusing. This sublime gemstone could calm strong emotions that confuse the mind and thus eliminate fears and anxieties. It is said that smokey quartz improves lucidity and concentration.
Blue Spinel 0.85 cts oval cut $38, SHOP NOW.
Spinel is considered as a stone of hope and revitalization. Since it comes in a variety of colors, it is thought to revitalize every chakra. Many people wear pendants or rings of this gemstone in order to pull themselves out of negative thoughts, regain a sense of energy, and find new enthusiasm for life.
It is thought to widen its wearers’ perspectives by bringing fresh energy to the mind, body, and spirit.
Purple Sugilite Beads Loose $3, SHOP NOW
It is generally believed that the sugilite has a strong healing power. It is able to help relieve extreme emotions such as anger and depression, and to cleanse and purify the negative energy of the body;
The sugilite also helps the wearer to work and deal with other people kindly, humorously, and patiently in daily life, which further helps to expand interpersonal relationships;
The stone is also able to help us calm, focus, and communicate more peacefully with our minds during meditation.
1.25MM to 6MM Natural Tanzanite Round Cut Loose Gemstone $1, SHOP NOW.
These gems only hit commercial markets in the 1960s, but from the moment they debuted, they have been superstars. Tiffany refers to Tanzanite gems as “the most beautiful blue stone discovered in 2000 years,” which is why they so often end up in museums or being owned by avid collectors and investors.
Tiger’s eye bead bracelet $19, SHOP NOW.
The tiger’s eye is considered by the Indians to be a sacred stone, a symbol of prestige, to prevent depression, physical and mental illness and to inspire courage.
Natural Emerald Cut London Blue Topaz $9, SHOP NOW.
The ancient Greeks believed that the powder of topaz can be used to make wine in order to treat asthma, insomnia, burns and bleeding. In addition, topaz can regulate the lymphatic function, improving problems related to the respiratory tract, trachea, and throat. Topaz also helps digestion, strengthens the stomach and intestines, and helps eliminate abdominal fat.
Currently we believe topaz can be worn as an amulet to eliminate sorrow and increase confidence; Wearing it as a pendant is said to help make us emotionally stable, and avoid nightmares.
Black tourmaline rolled stone 2-3cm, SHOP NOW.
Black tourmalines look dark and deep. They are said to help effectively eliminate stress, fatigue, turbidity and improve physical health and luck.
For those who are easily frightened and have nightmares during sleep at night, placing a black tourmaline aids to stabilize the space energy field and to dispel evil. Patients wearing black tourmalines can avoid external interference, concentrate on healing, and increase the speed of recovery.
AAA+ Green tourmaline gemstone 2.5mm faceted beads $15, SHOP NOW.
The energy contained in tourmaline has a calming effect, which helps people focus. In addition, those changeable colors inspire ideas and creativity, so that people could behave steadily, do their best, and make their careers flourish.
Tourmaline can also emit a magnetic field with great affinity, which can eliminate the indifference among individuals, and therefore have a natural attracting effect regarding love and friendship. At the same time, people wearing tourmaline jewelry can release more charm and become more attractive.
In addition to the above effects, red and green tourmalines also have the meaning of accumulating wealth and riches.
Blue turquoise bead $1, SHOP NOW.
Turquoises are able to facilitate communication and reduce the stress of speaking in public. As beautiful and delicate, it inspires calm and serenity and amplifies the feeling of love. It could also help avoid psychological issues to its owner by allowing positive energies to manifest the humans.
AAA Quality Natural Blue Zircon Rough $45, SHOP NOW.
The name Zircon originated in Persia where Zircons served all sorts of purposes. Known as the “stone of virtue,” they are still used in the practice of Far Eastern religions and believers say that the right Zircon can impact specific chakras.
Said to help wearers hone their intuition, Zircons are reputed to keep the wearer spiritually grounded and help them hone their psychic communication skills, too.
2. Gemstones by color
A mineral needs to meet three requirements to be regarded as a gemstone: beauty, durability and scarcity, all of which are indispensable. Beauty mainly refers to the color and the luster; durability refers to hardness and corrosion resistance and melting resistance; scarcity means limited natural reserves.
It makes sense to categorise such a large variety of gemstones by color, such as red, blue, yellow, and white. Here in the list of gemstones by color, we are going to introduce to you the most precious gemstones in the world, as well as their characteristics, origins, values, meanings and iconic jewelry works. Follow the links to check more information for each color.
- Purple gemstones: Amethyst, Purple chalcedony, Purple diamond, Fluorite, Purple garnet, Jade, Kunzite, Iolite/Cordierite/Dicroite, Purple sapphire, Spinel, Sugilite, Tanzanite, Purple tourmaline
- Blue gemstones: Aquamarine, Blue Diamond, Blue Quartz, Blue Aventurine, Lapis Lazuli Crystal Stone, Indicolite or Blue Tourmaline, Dumortierite, Sapphire, Tanzanite, Topaz, Turquoise, Blue Spinel, Sodalite, Kyanite, Apatite
- Green gemstones: Agate Green, Amazonite, Aventurine, Bloodstone, Emerald, Jade, Malachite, Peridot, Tourmaline Green, Tsavorites- known as Garnet green
- White gemstones: Agate, Diamond, Jade, Moonstone, Opal, Pearl, Quartz or Rock crystal, Sapphire, Topaz, Tourmaline, Zircon
- Red gemstones: Agate, Carnelian, Red diamond, Fire Opal or Pyrophane, Rhodolite or Red garnet, Rubellite or Red tourmaline, Ruby, Red Spinel, Topaz, Zircon
- Pink gemstones: Chalcedony, Pink diamond, Kunzite, a variance of Spodumene, Garnet, Morganite, Rose quartz, Pink sapphire, Rhodochrosite, Pink spinel, Pink Topaz, Pink tourmaline, Zircon
- Yellow gemstones: Alexandrite, Amber, Citrine, Yellow diamond, Garnet, Heliodor, known as Yellow Beryl, Jade, Fire opal, Yellow sapphire, Topaz, Tourmaline, Zircons
- Orange gemstones: Agate, Amber Orange, Carnelian Orange, Diamond Orange, Fire Opal or Pyrophane, Fluorite Orange, Sapphire Orange, Sunstone Orange, Sphalerite Orange, Sunstone Orange, Topaz Orange, Zircon Orange
- Gray gemstones: Agate, Diamond, Fluorite, Labradorite, Moonstone, Sapphire, Spinel, Tahitian Pearl, Tourmaline, Tourmalinated Quartz
- Brown gemstones: Brown Agate, Amber, Brown Citrine, Brown Diamond, Almandine Garnet, Brown Jade, Mahogany Obsidian, Opal, Sardonyx, Smoky Quartz, Tiger’s Eye, Brown Topaz, Brown Tourmaline or Dravite
- Black gemstones: Carbonado, Black garnet, Black jade, Obsidian, Black onyx, Black opal, Black pearl, Black sapphire, Schorl- Black Tourmaline, Black spinel, Black zircon
3. Gemstones by month: birth gemstones
Since the 16th century, people have chosen and used different birth gemstones for 12 months in a year known as the birthstone chart, as a symbol of a certain month and believed that the properties and meanings of each gemstone has an impact for people born during that month.
These selected gemstones representing each month is called the “birthstone”. Predecessors generally believed that birthstones have magical powers to protect them from evil and can bring good luck to people.
Today, with the progress of science, we no longer believe in the real functions of the “birth stone”, but still regard it as a tradition and a hobby. Here we created a list of gemstones by month and hope that you find the information needed. Follow the links to check more information for each month.
- January Birthstone: Garnet- Chastity, Sincerity, Friendliness, Authenticity
- February Birthstone: Amethyst– Honesty and Peace
- March Birthstones: Aquamarine and Bloodstone- Calm, Brave, Smart
- April Birthstone: Diamonds- Pure and Flawless
- May Birthstone: Emerald- Lucky and Happy
- June Birthstone: Pearl, Moonstone, Alexandrite– Health, Longevity, Richness
- July Birthstone: Ruby- Passion, Love, Dignity
- August Birthstone: Peridot, Spinel and Sardonyx- Pure, Holy, Protective
- September Birthstone: Sapphire- Loving, Honest, Virtuous
- October Birthstone: Opal, Tourmaline– Joy, Ease, Blessings
- November Birthstone: Citrine, Topaz– Friendship, Hope
- December Birthstone: Turquoise, Tanzanite, Zircon– Victory, Luck, Success
4. Gemstones by zodiac sign: zodiac birthstones
Traditionally, each of the twelve signs has its own zodiac birthstones, guardian stones and lucky stones, which are called zodiac stones. Guardian stones of the zodiac signs work like a sort of amulet and protect us; while lucky stones bring good luck.
Since zodiac birthstones are natural crystals that are said to be spiritual in nature, it is believed that wearing a stone belonging to our own zodiac signs can bring a lifetime of peace and happiness.
- Capricorn birthstone: Garnet Dec. 22 – Jan. 20: Fidelity, sincerity, friendship.
- Aquarius birthstone: Amethyst Jan. 21 – Feb. 19: Honesty, sincerity and inner peace.
- Pisces birthstone: Aquamarine Feb. 20 – March 20: Happiness, good fortune, beauty and longevity.
- Aries birthstone: Diamond March 21 – April 20: Eternity and purity.
- Taurus birthstone: Emerald April 21 – May 21: Happiness, luck, beauty and longevity.
- Gemini birthstone: Pearl May 22 – June 21: Health, peace, prosperity and longevity.
- Cancer birthstone: Ruby June 22nd – July 22nd: Passion, love, strength, dignity
- Leo birthstone: Peridot July 23rd – August 23rd: Conjugal bliss and good fortune
- Virgo birthstone: Sapphire August 24th – September 23rd: Love, honesty, peace and nobility.
- Libra birthstone: Opal Sept. 24 – Oct. 23: Luck, hope, purity, and peace.
- Scorpio birthstone: Citrine Oct. 24 – Nov. 22: Friendship, love, and sincerity.
- Sagittarius birthstone: Turquoise Nov. 23 – Dec. 21: Love, happiness, good luck and success!
5. What are the gemstones?
Gemstones are natural mineral crystals that can be cut and polished to meet the requirements for making jewelry. That is to say, gemstones need to be beautiful in color, hard, rare and precious.
At present, there are more than 4,000 kinds of minerals on earth, and more than 200 of them can be defined as gemstones, including diamond, emerald, ruby, sapphire, chrysoberyl, tourmaline, opal, crystal, aquamarine, azurite, peridot, spinel, garnet, tanzanite, apatite, moonstone, labradorite, zircon, etc.
Gemstones can be divided into 3 categories based on materials:
- Natural mineral crystals, such as diamonds, emeralds, rubies, sapphires and chrysoberyl.
- Natural mono-mineral aggregates, such as ulexandrite and opal.
- Organic materials, such as amber, pearls, and coral.
Among all types of gemstones, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds are regarded as four most precious stones; while mid-range gemstones such as aquamarines and tourmalines have been popular to collectors too thanks to their wonderful colors and meanings.
6. Precious gemstones and semi-precious gemstones
In gemology, gemstones are generally divided into two categories: precious gemstones and semi-precious gemstones. There are four main types of precious gemstones, namely diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds, while the rest of the stones, like crystals, agates and carnelian, belong to the category of semi-precious stones.
Semi-precious stones including tourmaline, lapis lazuli, topaz, aquamarine, garnet, peridot, tiger’s eye, labradorite, moonstone, obsidian, malachite, turquoise, rhodochrosite, amethyst, jade, lapis lazuli, agate, chalcedony, opal, lithium pyroxene, calcite and so on.
In addition, organic gemstones such as amber, pearls and coral are also classified as semi-precious gemstones.
7. Gemstones and crystals
First of all, it is certain that crystal is a semi-precious gemstone, and it is one of many, because it perfectly matches the characteristics of beauty, durability and rarity.
Common crystals including rock crystal, amethyst, citrine, and smoky quartz are classified as semi-precious stones in the market because of their large production, distinguishing them from the five major precious gemstones: diamond, emerald, ruby, sapphire, and chrysoberyl.
In fact, crystal is a very popular gemstone because of its affordable price, its brilliance, its hardness and the fact that it does not wear out even when worn daily.
8. Healing with gemstones
In many ancient cultures, gemstones are considered to contain magical energy and there is a long history of people using them to heal both physical and mental illnesses. It is believed that gemstones, as a healing stone with healing powers, can influence one’s energy, reduce discomfort and negativity and bringing balance to both our body and mind.
For example, the ancient Egyptians would bind gemstones to their bodies to heal a particular disease; the ancient Greeks believed that birthstones would replenish our body’s energy; and the Indians would apply herbal oils infused with minerals to heal injuries.
If you want to start healing with gemstones, make sure to choose the right gem and use the right method, since different gems have different energies and healing powers.
Some of them help to improve immunity and strengthen our body, some reduce discomfort and negativity, and some improve concentration and memory. Therefore, choose your healing gemstone according to the energy you need.
Conclusion on all types of gemstones
Thank you for reading this article on all types of gemstones and their meanings, feel to share your thoughts below or check other content on gemstones and jewelry that we have published.
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