All types of gemstones and their meanings: A complete List

Among all kinds of gemstones, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds are regarded as four most precious stones; while mid-range gemstones such as aquamarines and tourmalines have been popular too.

Gemstones refer to the most beautiful and valuable types of gemstones on earth. There are natural mineral crystals such as crystals, rubies, sapphires, emeralds and so on; there are also natural monomineral aggregates, such as opals and a few made of organic materials such as pearls and corals, which belong to gemstones in a broader sense.

We can also classify gemstones according to their rareness. Among all types of gemstones, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emeralds are regarded as four most precious stones; while mid-range gemstones such as aquamarines and tourmalines have been popular to collectors too thanks to their wonderful colors and meanings.


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It has been long believed that amazonite is a soothing stone, calming the brain and nervous system. It is thought to aid in bringing good health and helps in balancing masculine and feminine energies.

For this reason, amazonite is used in crystal therapies, although it is also used in jewelry such as necklaces.


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As a birthstone for June, the alexandrite promotes emotional well-being by increasing confidence, self esteem and eventually making the person happy. It also symbolizes luck, good fortune, prosperity and longevity.


aquamarine A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings

This refined stone is renowned for its physical and spiritual benefits. The aquamarine is helpful for appeasing anxiety, enhancing serenity and boosting communication.


aventurine types of gemstones and their meanings

As a sweet and beneficial gemstone, the aventurine absorbs negative waves. In addition to stimulating creativity, it gives energy and helps the wearer to make decisions. In fact the aventurine is called the stone of peace and balance.

Blood stone

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Christ’s stone, the warrior stone, the martyr stone--bloodstone’s many nicknames point to its powerful symbolism. Bloodstone signifies sacrifice, strength, justice and fearlessness.

Some healers say that it promotes healthy circulation and a robust immune system.



The carnelian representes the symbol of the life with its blood red color. It is bound to the rites and religious ceremonies.



As its bright color indicates, the chrysoprase has energetic virtues. In fact it is the ideal stone for little sleepers and insomniacs thanks to its relaxing and soothing effects.


citrine A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings

Just as its vivid and bright color which makes it differentiate from all types of gemstones, citrine provides happiness by adjusting people’s emotions and calming them down. Citrine is also able to help the owners gain self-confidence and make better decisions, which are all sources of happiness.


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The chief allure of a diamond, from antiquity to present, is that a diamond is “forever”. Diamonds found naturally typically are aged from one to three billion years; their journey to your finger has taken them from the deep earth to the most high-pressure environments impossible.

Diamonds are widely known as the hardest material ever discovered by humans, and subsequently the diamond symbolizes the unbreakable durability of a bond.


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Legends about this gemstone include stories that allowed the wearer to see into the future. If an emerald was placed under your tongue, you would be forced to reveal the truth and be protected from evil spirits.

Emeralds had the reputation too of being able to cure diseases, force a lover to tell the truth, and make the wearer an eloquent speaker.

One of the most powerful legends is that emeralds were one of the precious stones bestowed by God to King Solomon. These stones gave the king the power to rule over all creation.


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Often referred to as a stone of transformation and mutation, the garnet has the ability to help overcome the difficulties to derive an experience. It could also accentuate passionate love.


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It has been long believed that jade provides its wearer with enhanced clarity, wisdom, and intuition. For this reason, jade pendants have long been worn as protective talismans.



The labradorite is able to block all negative thoughts by providing a mental protection. It helps to reduce stress and fatigue.

Lapis lazuli

Lapis lazuli A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings

Among all types of gemstones, this beautiful dark blue one is renowned for its soothing effects on nervous or depressed people. Lapis lazuli helps introverts by allowing them to gain confidence, promote communication and free expression.


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An ancient superstition has led many people to believe that malachite helps babies sleep and keeps evil spirits at bay. For this reason, many parents place a lozenge of malachite on their babies.

In addition to this, malachite is normally used for decorative purposes. Some notable pieces include « The Tazza, » a large malachite vase, and « The Malachite Room » in the Hermitage Museum.


A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings moonstone

Moonstones have healing powers on female issues such as infertility and menopause. As evoked by their mild and pure color, moonstones allow people to soften the mood and enhance maternal fulfillment. They also stimulate intuitions and inspirations.


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In ancient times, onyx was known as the “third eye”. In the Middle Ages, It was regarded as the “gemstone to drive away evil spirits”. Persians used onyx to cure epilepsy and even to calm storms.

This black gemstone has a calming effect on the mind, protecting us from nightmares, eliminating unwanted fantasies and wavering thoughts, making it a source of strength and serenity.

That why onyx was one of the favorite stones of Queen Victoria of England. In the old English tradition, midwives used to place onyx next to babies to calm them.



Opal is the birthstone of October. In fact, throughout most of human history, opal of all types of gemstones has been considered the luckiest and most amazing gemstone thanks to its excellent capability to present all of colors on it own. In ancient Rome, this gem symbolized love, passion and hope.


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It has long been thought that this gem is a crystal of positive power. It is a talisman for honoring love, the source of abundance, and can expand one’s ability to receive from energy the Universe.

Peridot is often used in fine jewelry, with popular options being necklaces and rings. When used with the right intentions, it can also be used as a talisman to protect its owner from the “terrors of the night.”

Pink opal

pink opal A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings

Like its feminine and soft color, pink opal has soothing and calming effects. This stone is renowned for helping concentration. It also allows a more serene sleep. Pink opal is recommended for people who have difficulty accepting themselves.


Rhodochrosite types of gemstones

This beautiful pink stone is a symbol of love and compassion. Rhodochrosite brings back buried and painful feelings and allows an emotional release. On a daily basis, this stone brings a positive attitude to the wearer.

Rose quartz

A Complete List: types of Gemstones and their meanings rose quatorze

Sweet and refined, this stone evokes peace, tenderness and serenity. Considered a counselor, the rose quartz helps to heal emotional wounds. It gives a sense of reassuring and reinforces self-confidence to the point of allowing the wearer to accept themselves as they are.


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The hot red color of ruby makes people always associate it with passion and love, known as the stone of love, symbolizing the passion, the beauty, eternity and steadfastness of love. At European royal weddings, rubies are still seen as a witness to marriage.

In addition, it is the birthstone of July, and it is also a commemorative gem for the 40th wedding anniversary. The Bible considers rubies to be the most precious of all gems.

Since ruby is permeated with a strong breath of life and a rich color, people previously thought that it was the incarnation of the undead bird, and had a strong illusion about such a gemstone.


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Sardonyxes have been used as a stone of protection and strength since ancient times, leading to it being associated with courage, happiness, and clear communication. It is also thought to bring stability to marriage and lasting happiness to those who don it.

Smoking quartz

Smoky quartz A Complete List: Gemstones and their meanings

Smoky quartz is considered the stone of responsibility and refocusing. This sublime gemstone could calm strong emotions that confuse the mind and thus eliminate fears and anxieties. It is said that smoked quartz improves lucidity and concentration.


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Spinel is considered as a stone of hope and revitalization. Since it comes in a variety of colors, it is thought to revitalize every chakra. Many people wear pendants or rings of this gemstone in order to pull themselves out of negative thoughts, regain a sense of energy, and find new enthusiasm for life.

It is thought to widen its wearers’ perspectives by bringing fresh energy to the mind, body, and spirit.


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These gems only hit commercial markets in the 1960s, but from the moment they debuted, they have been superstars. Tiffany refers to Tanzanite gems as “the most beautiful blue stone discovered in 2000 years,” which is why they so often end up in museums or being owned by avid collectors and investors.


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The ancient Greeks believed that the powder of topaz can be used to make wine in order to treat asthma, insomnia, burns and bleeding. In addition, topaz can regulate the lymphatic function, improving problems related to the respiratory tract, trachea, and throat. Topaz also helps digestion, strengthens the stomach and intestines, and helps eliminate abdominal fat.

Currently we believe topaz can be worn as an amulet to eliminate sorrow and increase confidence; Wearing it as a pendant is said to help make us emotionally stable, and avoid nightmares.

Black tourmaline

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Black tourmalines look dark and deep. They are said to help effectively eliminate stress, fatigue, turbidity and improve physical health and luck.

For those who are easily frightened and have nightmares during sleep at night, placing a black tourmaline aids to stabilize the space energy field and to dispel evil. Patients wearing black tourmalines can avoid external interference, concentrate on healing, and increase the speed of recovery.


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The energy contained in tourmaline has a calming effect, which helps people focus. In addition, those changeable colors inspire ideas and creativity, so that people could behave steadily, do their best, and make their careers flourish.

Tourmaline can also emit a magnetic field with great affinity, which can eliminate the indifference among individuals, and therefore have a natural attracting effect regarding love and friendship. At the same time, people wearing tourmaline jewelry can release more charm and become more attractive.

In addition to the above effects, red and green tourmalines also have the meaning of accumulating wealth and riches.


Turquoises A Complete List: types of Gemstones and their meanings

Turquoises are able to facilitate communication and reduce the stress of speaking in public. As beautiful and delicate, it inspires calm and serenity and amplifies the feeling of love. It could also help avoid psychological issues to its owner by allowing positive energies to manifest the humans.

Conclusion on all types of gemstones

Thank you for reading this article on all types of gemstones and their meanings, feel to share your thoughts below or check this list of gemstones categorized by color that we have published.


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